Nobody knows when humans first becomes concerned with the climate. Some also believe there isn’t anything to be concerned with. We can all see, though, how science has welcomed the task of discovering or making “cleaner” energy sources. Although renewable or alternative energy sources are not yet widely used, the automotive industry has embraced the concept of the electric vehicle. At the end of 2018, the Edison Electric Institute estimated that there were 1,000,000 electric cars on US highways. According to the EEI, by 2030, there will be 18.7 million electric cars on the track. It’s no wonder that governments are taking notice of the increasing popularity of electric vehicles. It’s no wonder that policymakers in developing countries continue to cash in on the increasing popularity of electric vehicles. After all, electric vehicles can help both people and governments.

Electric Vs Petrol Vehicle
To begin with, electric “power” is less expensive than petrol. The eGallon (a gallon of “electric fuel”) is normally around half the price of a normal gallon of petrol, according to the website energy.gov. The website also has a calculator to check the cost by state, and we used it to check the price in Virginia; the gallon of gas is $2.07, while the eGallon is $1.07. As of April 18, 2020, the gallon of gas is $2.07, while the eGallon is $1.07. We should also mention that, since electric cars are so new to the market (they account for only 1% of all vehicles on the road), the cost of charging does not fluctuate, unlike petrol cars, which can be expensive because the price of gas fluctuates regularly. Another significant advantage to “going electric” is that it would save you money in the long run.
Another significant advantage of “going green” is that electric vehicles are less expensive to repair over time than petrol cars because EVs do not have as many components that need to be changed or maintained on a regular basis, such as oil changes and muffler cleaning.

Furthermore, all-electric vehicles outperform gas-powered vehicles, with a louder engine and quicker reaction time while driving. Better production means less road collisions, making AEVs safer to operate.
Despite these advantages, some people nevertheless see electric vehicles as glorified luxury cars for a variety of reasons. To begin with, EVs are more costly to buy than gas vehicles. However, the US government’s solution to this statement is to include tax credits and other subsidies to encourage people to use electric vehicles as a means of reducing emissions. Another challenge with electric vehicles is the wide range of travel lengths. Initially, all of them were short-range, with a range of around 100 miles on a single charge, relative to the typical gas car’s range of 250-300 miles. A short range EV can need more than one charge per week, given that the average car owner drives about 30 miles per day. Apart from the inconvenient task of remembering,
Apart from the hassle of remembering to charge a short-range EV any single day, there’s also the matter of seeing fewer charging stations than gas stations: 76,000 charging stations vs. 168,000 gas stations. Even though about 80% of EV owners charge their vehicles at home, many cities still lack enough charging stations in case they forget and require a charge during the day. This requires EV owners to travel a long distance before charging their vehicles, negating the electric car’s CO2 reduction advantage. However, today’s electric car catalogue provides greater flexibility in terms of size, ranging from the 2019 Tesla Model S long-range, which has a 370-mile range, to the 2019 Fiat 500e the 500e has a range of just 84 miles.
Electric vehicles may also be used by the government to address energy efficiency concerns. The shipping industry consumes two-thirds of the gasoline consumed in the United States (9 billion barrels). Ok, not right now, but in the past. Since the United States relies on a few other countries for its gasoline, the nation is at risk if the global supply is interrupted for some reason. On the other hand, almost all of the energy used in the United States is produced domestically. Furthermore, it has been shown that AEV batteries convert 59-62 percent of energy into vehicle movement, compared to 17-21 percent for gas-powered cars. For the government, this ensures that the proposal has been submitted.
For the nation, this ensures that the use of such batteries will be expanded to include a variety of applications, such as heat pumps. Furthermore, an EV costs $485 to run on average, versus $1,117 for a gas engine. We can see how adapting electric battery technologies to public transit can save the government money while producing more electricity than coal.
Another explanation why the government should encourage the use of electric vehicles is for public health reasons. It is no secret that pollution, especially CO2 emissions, has a negative impact on many people’s health, and we now know that gas-fueled vehicles are responsible for 22-25 percent of the CO2 in our atmosphere. However, EVs help to mitigate this by including more miles per charge than a gas engine. For example, a gas car that travels 22 miles per gallon will only drive 10 miles on a single gallon (at $2.5/gallon), while an EV that travels 3 miles per kWh and uses an average of 25-40 kWh for 100 miles will travel around 43 miles for $1.00.
In conclusion, the use of electric vehicles to replace petrol cars is a viable option.
To summarise, the use of electric vehicles to replace petrol cars is a win-win situation for people and states, both environmentally and politically, as well as in terms of health and national security.