From the most basic software to the most innovative innovations, technology plays a major role in our everyday lives. Every website or piece of software we come across was created by a web developer, so what is web development and what does a web developer do?

To the untrained eye, it can appear to be a difficult, perplexing, and inaccessible area. So, in order to shed more light on this exciting field, we’ve compiled the definitive guide to web creation and what it takes to become a full-fledged web developer.

We’ll go into the fundamentals of web creation in-depth in this tutorial, as well as the skills and resources you’ll need to get into the field. If you decide that web creation is for you, the next move is to learn the necessary skills, which you can do for free in this online short course for beginners.

web development

But first, we’ll look at the state of the web development industry in 2021 and decide whether it’s a wise career move—with a special emphasis on the effects of 2020 and the COVID-19 pandemic.


1. Is it a decent time to start a career as a web developer? (Updated in 2021)

It’s crucial to think about your options before starting a new job. Is your new field able to provide you with plenty of opportunities and stability? What are your chances of being recruited after completing your preferred programme or bootcamp?

These issues became more critical than ever in the aftermath of 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant effect on the economy and labour market, with employment in many industries declining. Let’s take a look at the state of the web development industry in 2021 with that in mind.

2. What is the concept of web development?

The method of creating websites and software for the internet or a private network such as an intranet is known as web creation. Website production isn’t concerned about the aesthetics of a website; rather, it’s more about the scripting and programming that makes it work.

All of the tools we use on a daily basis via the internet have been developed by web developers, from the most basic, static web pages to social media networks and applications, from eCommerce websites to content management systems (CMS).

Client-side coding (frontend), server-side coding (backend), and database technologies are the three levels of web creation.

Anything that the end-user interacts with explicitly is referred to as client-side scripting, or frontend creation. Client-side programming runs in a web browser and affects what visitors see as they visit a website. The frontend is in charge of things like style, fonts, colors, menus, and touch types.

Backend production, also known as server-side scripting, is all about what happens behind the scenes. The backend of a website is the portion of the domain that the visitor does not see. It’s in charge of data storage and organization, as well as making sure everything on the client side runs smoothly. It accomplishes this by interacting with the front end.

Database infrastructure is also seen on websites. The database stores all of the files and content that are required for a website to run, making it easier to retrieve, arrange, update, and save them. The database is stored on a disc, and most websites use a relational database management system (RDBMS).

To recap, the frontend, backend, and database technologies all work together to create and operate a completely operating website or program, and these three layers make up the web development platform.

3. An overview of the World Wide Web’s history

The internet as we know it today has taken decades to develop. Let’s go back to the beginning and look at how the internet has developed over time to better explain how web creation operates.

4. What is the role of a web developer?

The web developer’s job is to create and manage websites. Web developers will work in-house or contract, and the roles and duties they perform can differ based on whether they are frontend, backend, or full-stack developers. Full-stack developers work on both the frontend and the backend; we’ll go through what a full stack developer does in more depth later.

Web developers are in charge of creating a product that meets both the client’s and the customer’s or end user’s expectations.

What is the function of a frontend developer?

The frontend developer’s task is to code the part of a website or program that the user sees and communicates with; in other words, the part of the website that the user sees and interacts with. They take backend data and turn it into something that is easy to understand, appealing to the eye, and completely usable for the average person. They’ll collaborate with the web designer’s templates to bring them to life with HTML, JavaScript, and CSS (more on those later!).

The website’s interface, graphical and navigational features such as buttons and scrollbars, photos, text, and internal links are all implemented by the frontend developer (links that navigate from one page to another within the same website). Frontend developers are also in charge of ensuring that the site looks good on both browsers and platforms. They’ll code the website to be flexible or sensitive to different screen sizes so that the user has the same experience when they’re on a handheld device, a desktop computer, or a notebook.

Languages, repositories, and applications for programming, Web developers use languages, databases, and frameworks to create websites and applications. Let’s take a closer look at both of these, as well as a few other resources that web developers use on a daily basis.

What are the different types of languages?

Languages are the building blocks that programmers use to produce websites, smartphones, and applications in the field of web creation. Programming languages, markup languages, style sheet languages, and database languages are among the many varieties of languages available.



Working in the browser is only one aspect of becoming a web developer. You’re on your way to becoming a web developer who creates applications. I recommend that you continue to study HTML, JavaScript, and PHP. However, after you’ve gotten the hang of it, extend out to other languages and platforms. As a developer, the more exposure and experience you have with multiple languages and platforms, the better.